History/Kuka Movement

"Satguru Ram Singh ji" & Kuka Movement the First war of Independence.


It is a matter of great honour and pleasure that the nation is celebrating 150, year of Kuka Movement the first war of independence with all pomp & show. Sri Satguru Ram Singh Ji master planned the India s freedom movement and waged a war of independence against the British Rulers on 12w April 1857. He was the pioneer to use the Non-Cooperation and Swadeshi as a weapon to liberate the country from the yokes of foreign rulers. He asked the Indians to boycott British sponsored educational institutions, courts, services, postal and even transport system. He ordered his followers not to wear foreign made cloth and used foreign goods. He asked the people to use khadi and other Indian made goods in their day to day life. He conceptualized the doctrine of " Be Indian, Buy Indian & Remain Indian". He established panchaya6 raj for administration, used religious and common places for education, set up own postal system, developed diplomatic relations with the native states as well as with neighboring countries like Russia, Nepal & Afghanistan. He encouraged cottage industry for the upliftment of poor. In other words, Sri Satguru Ram Singh Ji set up a parallel Govt in the 2nd half of 19th century.

Sri Satguru Ram Singh Ji launched a movement for social reforms also. He asked the people not to kill the girl child infancy. He advocated equal rights for women in the society, in education and social life. He introduced the concept of dowry-less inter-caste mass-marriage system in June 1863.


He had such a magnificent personality that in short span of time lacs of people flocked to him and all of them became fully aware of their serfdom and bondage. His followers called Namdhari Sikhs understood the divide & rule policy of the
Britishers and revolted against them. Namdhari Sikhs challenged the British crown and made unparallel sacrifices for the freedom of the country. Ten of them werehanged to deata, 66 of them were blown off with the cannons, and hundreds of them were put behind the jails, drowned in the seawatcr, exiled and treated like criminals. Sri Satguru Ram Singh Ji was arrested and exiled in 1872. All the prominent subas were arrested and put in jails in India and abroad in 1872. Namdhari Sect was declared a sect of sediators. But none of the Namdhari Sikhs bowed before the Britishcrown. They continuously fought the war of independence for 90 vears i.e. from 1857 to 1917.

The contributions and sacrifices of Namdhari Sikhs in the war of independence have been recorded under the head "Kuka Movement" in the political annals of Indian History.

The Nation is celebrating 150 year of this historic "Kuka Movement" and Punjab Govt is celebrating it on state level. Various functions has been organized on historic days relating to the Kuka Movement. All the leaders from political, social & religious organizations have participated in these functions to pay rich tributes to the great heroes of Kuka Movement.

But the ministries at Central Level are divided on the issue whether Kuka Movement was a war of independence or it was a religious movement. Mrs. Ambika Soni stated in the Rajya Sabha that Kuka Movement has included in the list of events of war of independence and birthday of Sri Satguru Ram Singh (Basant Panchmi) and Generally it is said that: -

The Kuka Movement started by Sri Satguru Ram Singh Ji was a religious movement or it was just a movement for social reforms onlv. The Namdhari Sikhs were orthodox in the matter of cow killings. They were punished by the British Govt. because they attacked butcher houses and murdered the butchers for which they were executed/ blown off with cannons or put behind the jails.

It is a historic fact that Sri Satguru Ram Singh Ji was the master planner of India s freedom movement. He was the pioneer to use Non Cooperation and Swadeshi as a tool to liberate the country. These facts has been acknowledged by the freedom fighters like Shaheed Bhagat Singh, Jawahar i.al Nehru, Subash Chander Bose and Dr. Rajinder Prasad etc.